TYPICAL PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF COMMON METALLIC SOLIDS at 293 K

 

 

WARNING - These values are typical and may contain errors. You should check values with official data bases if you are using them for design purposes.

 

  

 

 

 

Name

ρ

density  kg/m3

Tm

Melting Point  

K

ufg

specific latent enthalpy  of fusion

kJ/kg

c

specific heat capacity

J/kg

 α

coefficient of linear expansion

1/K

 

λ

thermal conductivity

W/mK

ρe

electrical resistivity

μΩ mm

αe

temperature coefficient of resistance

1/K

σ

Tensile Strength

MPa

σy

Yield Strength

MPa

e

elongation

%

E

Elastic Modulus

GPa

 ν

Poisson's Ratio

1

Aluminium

2710

932

380

913

23 x 10-6

201

26.5

4 x 10-3

80

50

 43

 71

 0.34

2

Aluminium

strong alloy

2800

800

390

880

23 x 10-6

180

50

1.6 x 10-3

600

 550

10

 

 

3

Antimony

6680

904

160

205

10 x 10-6

18

400

 ≈5 x 10-3

 

 

 

78 

 

4

Bismuth

9800

544

50

126

13 x 10-6

8

1150

4.5 x 10-3

 

 

 

 32 0

0.33  

5

Brass (70Cu/30Zn)

8500

1300

 

370

 

18 x 10-6

110

80

1.5 x 10-3

550

450

8

 

 100

  0.35

6

Bronze (90Cu/10Sn)

8800

1300

 

360

17 x 10-6

180

300

 

260

 140

10

 

 

7

Cobalt

8900

1765

250

420

12 x 10-6

69

60

6.6 x 10-3

500

 

 

 

 

8

Constantan

8880

1360

 

420

17 x 10-6

23

470

0.04

 

 

 

170 

0.33 

9

Copper

8930

1356

210

385

17 x 10-6

385

17

3.9 x 10-3

150

75

45

117

0.35

10

German silver

(60Cu125Zn/15Ni)

8 700

1300

 

400

18 x 10-6

29

330

0.4 x 10-3

450

 

 

 130

0.33

11

Gold

19 300

1340

70

132

14 x 10-6

296

24

3.4 x 10-3

120

 

40

71

0.44
12 lnvar(64Fe/36Ni) 8 000 1800   503 0.9 x 10-6 16 810 2.0 x 10-3 480 280 40 145 0.26

13

Iron, pure

7 870

1810

270

106

12 x 10-6

80

100

6.5 x 10-3

300

165

45

 206

 0.29

14

Iron, cast grey

7 156

1500

100

500

1l x 10-6

75

100

 

100

 

 

110 

0.27 

14

Iron, white

7 700 1420 140

 

11 x 10-6

75

100

 

230

 

0

 

 

16

Iron, wrought

7 850

1810

140

480

12 x 10-6

60

140

6.0 x 10-3 370

 150

 45

 197

0.28

17

Lead

11 340

600

26

126

29 x 10-6

35

210

4.3 x 10-3

15

12

50

18

 0.44

18

Magnesium

1 740

924

380 246

25 x 10-6

150

40

4.3 x 10-3

190

95

5

44

0.29

19

Manganin

8 500

 

410

400

18 x 10-6

22

450

0.01 x 10-3

 

 

 

 120

0.33 

20

Monel (70Ni/30Cu)

8 800

1600

14 x 10-6

210

420

2.0 x 10-3

520

240

40

 

 

21

Nickel

8 900

1726

310

460

13 x 10-6

59

590

6.0 x 10-3

300 60

 30

207

0.36

22

Nickel,strong alloy

8 500

1320

 

380

 

 

   

1300

1200

 10

 110

 0.38

23

Phosphor bronze

       

17 x 10-6

 

70

6.0 x 10-3

560

420

 

120

0.38

24

Platinum

21 450

2042

110

136

9 x 10-6

69

110

3.8 x 10-3

350

 

 

 150

  0.38

25

Silver

10 500

1230

100

235

19 x 10-6

419

16

4.0 x 10-3

150

180

45

 70

 0.37

26

Sodium

970

371

120

1240

71 x 10-6

134

45

4.4 x 10-3

 

 

 

27

Solder, soft

(50Pb/50Sn)

9 000

490

1900

176

        45   50  

 

28

Stainless Steel

(18Cr/8Ni)

7 930

1800

 

510

16 x 10-6

150

960

0.6 x 10-3

600

230

60

 

 

29

Steel, mild

7 860

1700

 

420

15 x 10-6

63

150

5.0 x 10-3

460

300

35

 210

 0.29

30

Steel, piano wire

7 800

1700

 

 

 

 50

 

 

 3000

 

 

 210

 0.29

31

Tin

7 300

505

60

226

23 x 10-6

65

110

5.0 x 10-3

30

 

 

 40

 0.36

32

Titanium

4 540

1950

 

523

9 x 10-6

23

530

3.8 x 10-3

620

480

20

 

0.36 

33

Zinc

7 140

693

100

385

31 x 10-6

111

59

4.0 x 10-3

150

 

50

110

 0.25