TYPICAL PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF COMMON NON METALLIC SOLIDS at 293 K

 

 

WARNING - These values are typical and may contain errors. You should check values with official data bases if you are using them for design purposes. 

  

 

 

 

Name

ρ

density

kg/m3

Tm

Melting Point  

K

c

specific heat capacity

J/kg

 

 α

coefficient of linear expansion

1/K

 

λ

thermal conductivity

W/m K

 

σ

Tensile Strength

MPa

 

e

elongation

%

 

E

Elastic Modulus

GPa

 

1

Alumina, ceramic

3 800

2300

800

9 x 10-6

29

≈ 150

 

345

2

Bone

1 850

 

 

 

 

140

 

28

3

Brick, building

2 300

 

 

9 x 10-6

0.6

≈ 5

 

 

4

fireclay

2 100

 

 

4.5 x 10-6

0.8

 

 

 

5

paving

2 500

 

 

4.0 x 10-6

 

 

 

 

6

silica

1750

 

 

 

0.8

 

 

 

7

Carbon, graphite

2 300

3800

710

7.9 x 10-6

5.0

 

 

207

8

diamond

3 300

 

525

≈ 0

900

 

 

1200

9

Concrete

2400

 

3350

12 x 10-6

0.1

≈4

 

14

10

Cork

240

 

2050

 

0.05

 

 

 

11

Cotton

1 500

 

1400

 

 

400

 

 

12

Epoxy resin

1 120

 

1400

39 x 10-6

 

50

2-6

4.5

13

Fluon (PTFE)

2200

 

1050

55 x 10-6

0.25

22

50-75

0.34

14

Glass (crown)

2 600

1400

670

9 x 10-6

1.0

≈100

 

71

15

(flint)

4200

1500

500

8 x 10-6

0.8

 

 

80

15

Glass wool

50

1400

670

 

0.04

 

 

 

17

Ice

920

273

2100

51 x 10-6

2.0

 

 

 

18

Kapok

50

 

 

 

0.03

 

 

 

19

Magnesium oxide

3 600

3200

960

12 x 10-6

 

 

 

207

20

Marble

2 600

 

880

10 x 10-6

2.9

 

 

 

21

Melamine formaldehyde

1 500

 

1700

40 x 10-6

0.3

70

 

9

22

Naphthalene

1 150

350

1310

107 x 10-6

0.4

 

 

 

23

Nylon

1 150

470

1700

100 x 10-6

0.25

70

60-300

 

24

Paraffin wax

900

330

2900

110 x 10-6

0.25

 

 

 

25

Perspex

1 190

350

1500

85 x 10-6

0.2

50

2-7

3

26

Phenol formaldehyde

1 300

 

1700

40 x 10-6

0.2

50

0.4-0.8

6.9

27

Polyethylene (low den)

920

410

2300

250 x 10-6

 

13

400-800

0.18

28

(high den)

955

410

2300

250 x 10-6

 

26 0

100-300

0.43

29

Polypropylene

900

450

2100

62 x 10-6

 

35

> 220

1.2

30

Polystyrene

1 050

510

1300

70 x 10-6

0.08

50

1-3

3.1

31

Polyvinylchloride (non-rigid)

1 250

485

1800

150 x 10-6

 

15

200-400

0.01

32

(rigid)

1 700

485

1000

55 x 10-6

 

60

5-25

2.8

33

Polyvinylidine chloride

 

470

 

190 x 10-6

 

30

160-240

 

34

Quartz fibre

2 660

2020

788

0.4 x 10-6

9.2

 

 

73

35

Rubber (polyisoprene)

910

300

1600

220 x 10-6

0.15

17

480-510

0.02

36

Silicon carbide

3 170

 

 

4.5 x 10-6

 

 

 

 

37

Sulphur

2 070

386

730

64 x 10-6

0.26

 

 

 

38

Titanium carbide

4 500

 

 

7 x 10-6

28

 

 

345

38

Wood, oak (with grain)

650

 

 

 

0.15

 

 

12

40

Spruce (with grain)

600

 

 

 

 

 

 

14